Previously manufactured by Anciens Etablissements Pieper located in Herstal, Belgium until 1954 when all operations ceased and the company closed.
Bayard was a trade name used by Henri Pieper and carried over after his death in 1898 by the family business Anciens Etablissements Pieper (Old Pieper Workshops). Henri Pieper innovated the European firearms industry with mechanization. An industrialist first, he developed numerous machines in order to mechanize production. He established his business in Liege in the center of the Belgian arms industry. Guns made during his life were marked 'Henri Pieper" ,"H.Pieper", "Pieper Arms" and were made prior to 1898 (antique), guns made in/after 1898 were marked Anciens Etablissements Pieper and are considered modern. This is relevant as some models were carried over.
Even though Bayard Models 1908, both 1923s, and 1930 were manufactured only by Anciens Etablissements Pieper of Herstal, Belgium, these pistols are listed under this heading as they are most commonly referred to by this trademark designation.