Originally manufactured by the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield Lock on the northern outskirts of London, in Middlesex, England. Various Enfield rifles, carbines and revolvers were produced and/or converted by other British factories (B.S.A., L.S.A., S.S.A., N.R.F., P. Webley & Son, Webley & Scott Ltd., Albion Motors, W.W. Greener, Westley Richards, Vickers (VSM), R.O.F. Fazakerley, R.O.F. Maltby, B.S.A. Shirley (M47C), as well as at Lithgow, Australia (from 1913), Canada at Long Branch (from 1941), the United States by Stevens-Savage (also from 1941), RFI Ishapore, India (from 1905), Nakhu, Pyuthan and Sundrijal in Nepal (from 1911), and at Wah Cantt in Pakistan (from the late 1950s).
The publisher would like to thank Mr. Ian Skennerton and Mr. Bob Maze for making the following information available.


.450 Adams or .455 Enfield cal., 6 shot, hinged barrel with exposed knuckle-joint axis front, top brake action w/forward-sliding chamber for extraction. Mk I model (chequered grips) introduced in 1880, Mk II variant (plain wooden grips) introduced in 1882.
.380 Enfield (based on .38 S&W with 200 gr. bullet), DA, 6 shot, fixed sights, blued or black finish, wood or composition grips, top brake action, a copy of the .380 Webley Mk IV, introduced circa 1929.
.380 Enfield with hammer spur removed and other manufacturing concessions applied. Wartime production by Albion in England with very few by Howard Auto Cultivators (H.A.C.) in Australia which bring a huge premium due to a short run of only 355 revolvers. Enfield & Albion production only.
Rare Webley Mk IV "New Service" variant with sideplate.
.455 Webley cal., 6 shot, approx. 27,600 of Webley Mark VI (No.1 Mk VI) mfg. for British service by the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield Lock from 1921-1926, ser. no. range 1-9999, A1-A9999, B1-B7600.
Adopted from 1853 as the general service issue rifle, percussion lock marked Tower, Enfield, B.S.A., L.S.A., or Windsor on the lockplate, available in 3-band long rifle (Model 1853), 2-band short rifle, Engineer (Lancaster), Artillery, and Cavalry carbine configurations, many were supplied to the Confederacy during America's Civil War.
Adopted in 1866 as a breech loading conversion of the .577 Enfield, single shot, swing-over breechblock, modified percussion lock, the new mfg. Mk III improved locking breech in 1869 and was safer to shoot.
Britain's first purpose built breech loader in 1871, hinged falling block action with internal lock mechanism, early Mk I rifle had safety catch, Mk II rifle introduced in 1876, Cavalry Carbine in 1877, Artillery Carbine in 1879, Mk III rifle in 1879, and long lever "humpback" Mk IV in 1887 which was sent to India and Nepal.
Conversion of .450 M.H., the conversion markings are stamped on the left side of the receiver, Artillery models marked "A.C." with the Mark number on the left side of the receiver while Cavalry models are marked "C.C.", followed by the Mark designation.
Introduced in 1888 with 7-groove Metford segmental rifling and 8-round detachable magazine, rifles proceeded through Marks I, I*, II, and II*, which is marked on the right side of the action body below the factory and year underneath the closed bolt handle, 30.2 (rifles) or 20 3/4 (carbines) in. barrels, single-row 8 round (MK I and I* rifle), 6 round (carbine), or 10 round (MK II and II*) staggered box mag. Mfg. by Enfield, B.S.A., L.S.A., Nepal, and Sparkbrook.
Introduced in 1895 with 5-groove Enfield rifling for cordite loads, fitted with safety catch on the cocking piece, rifles and carbines went through Marks I and I*, MK I* has no cleaning rod provision in forend or nosecap, few cleaning rods are seen as they were withdrawn in 1895. Mfg. by Enfield, B.S.A., L.S.A., and Sparkbrook, repaired at Ishapore.
M.L.M. and M.L.E. rifles with 30.2 in. barrels, modified for clip charger loading, after 1909 fitted with improved sights and foresight protector, conversions marked on left of receiver butt socket with factory and year (i.e., Enfield, B.S.A., L.S.A., VSM).
Sliding charger guide on bolthead, bone inserts on rear sight slide, incurving protector wings on nosecap, 10 round staggered row detachable mag. with magazine cut-off provision in receiver, Marks I*, I**, I***, "ConD" Marks II, II*, II**, II***, and IV upgrades and conversions. Introduced 1903, mfg. at Sparkbrook until 1906, Enfield, B.S.A., and L.S.A. until 1907.
Improved solid charger guide, rear sight and rear handguard, retains mag. cut-off and volley sights of S.M.L.E. MK I model, approved in 1907, made by Enfield, B.S.A. and L.S.A., also made by Lithgow, Ishapore, and Nepal.
Later model that incorporates production shortcuts, no magazine cut-off, no long range volley sights, or backsight windage adjustment. Made by Enfield, B.S.A., S.S.A., N.R.F., Lithgow, RFI (Ishapore), and Nepal, introduced from 1915.
.303 British cal., heavy barrel, special bedding of furniture, factory fitted Patt. 1918 (Aust) telescopic sight, some fitted with cheekpiece by local armourer, converted at Lithgow, Australia at the end of WWII, British and Lithgow actions. 1,131 High mount (medium bracket) and 481 Low mount (short bracket) models in 1944-1945, usually with early Great War-era action bodies.
Single shot WWI conversions by the British gun trade with A.G. Parker and Westley Richards. No.1 model is from S.M.L.E. MK I, the No.2 is from S.M.L.E. Mk III.
Converted No. 1 rifle (S.M.L.E.) to single-loading trainer, modified in Britain, Lithgow (Australia), and Ishapore (India).
U.S. mfg. British modified Mauser action during WWI, made by Winchester, Remington, and Eddystone, very similar to the U.S. .30 Model 1917 and shares some interchangeable component parts.
Converted in England by Periscope Prism Co. (1918) & B.S.A. (1938) from Winchester Mk I* (F) rifles, fitted with the Pattern 1918 telescope on clawfoot mounts.
.303 British cal., total of 421 converted in England by Alex Martin in WWII from Winchester MK I* (F) rifles, Great War Aldis and P.P. Co. telescopes (ex-S.M.L.E. snipers) were fitted, original S.M.L.E. rifle engraved number is usually visible, scope is offset (left) of bore line.
WWII production Lee-Enfield, British R.O.F. Fazakerley, Maltby, and B.S.A. Shirley (M47C) from 1941, Britain only made the MK I model, wartime U.S. Lend-Lease production marked "US PROPERTY", serial number contains letter "C", many components are marked with a squared "S", Canadian Long Branch rifles contain an "L" (for Long Branch), U.S. and Canada made both MK I and MK I* models.
.303 British cal., post-war Fazakerley [ROF(F)] production with "hung" trigger and better quality fittings than wartime production, MK 1/2 and 1/3 converted from MK I and MK I* rifles respectively, No. 4 MK II was new mfg. made in early 1970s at Wah Cantt, Pakistan on ex-Fazakerley machinery. Irish contracts imported during the early 1990s had waxed gauze wrapping and came with matching bayonets.
B.S.A. Shirley with Holland & Holland, produced the majority (roughly 26,000 by 1945), four other manufacturers were also involved in setting up No.4 MK I/I* (T) sniping rifles during the war. These [other] makes are sought after by Lee-Enfield and sniping rifle collectors.
20 1/2 in. barrel with flash hider, lightened action body and shortened furniture. From 1944, for service in the Far East.
Post-war rimfire trainer on No. 4 action, British model has magazine feed, the Long Branch is designated "C No.7" but is single shot only, originally issued in chest. Mfg. in England by BSA and in Canada by Long Branch.
Post-war rimfire trainer, half-stock target rifle style made by B.S.A. (M47C) and Fazakerley on a modified No. 4 action body.
Single shot only, full-length rifle resembling the No.4, British conversion of the No. 4 Mk I rifle by Parker Hale for the Royal Navy.
Enfield conversion and extensive rebuild of the No. 4 Mk I(T) sniper rifle, fitted with an upgraded No. 32 telescopic sight to L1A1, half-stocked furniture, 7.62mm magazine with integral ejector, with heavy target barrel.
Turn of the century British empire trainer with Belgian Francotte patent, small size modular Martini action.
Later production small Francotte action on Australian contract by W.W. Greener and B.S.A., circa 1910.
Conversion of .450 M.H. with Metford rifling, converted markings are stamped on left side of receiver. Artillery models marked "A.C." with Mark number on left side of receiver, Cavalry models marked "C.C." followed by the Mark number. Martini-Metfords (marked "M.M .303" on left side of action body) are much rarer than Martini-Enfield models (marked "M.E. .303"), as they were made only between 1889 and 1895, with more carbines converted than rifles.
.303 British cal., folding aperture backsight on upper rear part of action body, reinforcing outer band at base of nosecap, full-length top handguards, mag. cut-off, ''V'' marked safety catch with angled thumb grooves, limited production at Enfield in 1922-1924 of 20,000 rifles.
.22 LR cal., 30.2 in. new mfg. or sleeved barrel for rimfire cartridge, MK I, MK I*, and MK II variations, .297/.230 CF round was used in Long Rifle conversions in the colonies.
Conversions from 1907 of M.L.M. and M.L.E. long rifles to short rifle configuration, 25.2 in. barrel, service conversions by R.S.A.F. Enfield for the War Office.
Converted from .303 Cd. MK II & II* S.M.L.E. for miniature range practice, external resemblance to S.M.L.E. MK I, service conversions done at Enfield, B.S.A., and L.S.A.
Conversion of the S.M.L.E. rifle after 1927 to single loader, smoothbore barrel, uses straight sided .303 cartridge equating to .410 medium length case. The regular .410 shotshell will not chamber.
similar configuration to .410 Musket but less common, rifled barrel, chambers service .303 round, converted at Ishapore from 1923.
New manufacture S.M.L.E. rifle in 7.62mm NATO cal., higher quality steel, 2A1 upgrade has metric rear sight graduated to 800m, and angled ramp on sight bed. Production from the mid-1960s.
Enfield, C.A.L., and Lithgow manufacture along with ensuing imports from South America and some domestic market action bodies (receivers) and parts, values can vary considerably, depending on the source of component parts, country of origin and markings, ATF and import restrictions apply to safety sear action bodies, as on original British, Canadian and Australian service models.
Shortened barrel, sometimes serial no. with SKN prefix. Models from MLM through No.4. Some made at Enfield, others at Ordnance Depots. Beware of recent fakes.
Full-length models of S.M.L.E. made at Lithgow in short production run. Beware of more recent fakes.
"Non-guns" with needle pointed striker at front of barrel, Canadian & British variants used with panoramic target in a frame.
Lithgow trials full-stock carbines, 20.2 in. barrel, serial numbered XP followed by 1-100 number, came with 10 in. bayonet. Rare. Late WWII production.
Lithgow trials jungle carbines, Mk I has bed backsight, Mk I/I has aperture sight at rear of body, carbine length, serial no. "XP" followed by serial number. Rare.
Wartime short-run test rifle, one-piece stock, grooved forend with recess in butt and rubber recoil pad, rifle length, marked J5550 followed by serial number. Very rare.
Sporter style survival, Ranger and surplus sale model, variations in sights, depending upon variant and applications, originally with orange color recoil pad. Mfg. late 1950s.
Mfg. at Lithgow under contract for Slazengers, Sporter model with modified 400 yd. leaf rear sight, ramp front sight, pistol grip buttstock, 5 shot mag.
Sporter with short 'bobbed' forend, single-loader, no rear sight, grooved top of action body for sighting, bead foresight, made at Lithgow under contract for Slazengers.
Lancaster's Sappers' and Miners'/Engineers' carbine has a 2-groove oval bore, rather than Enfield type. These models are less common than the Pattern 1853 rifle-musket.
1,200 mfg. with bayonets in 1913 at Enfield for troop trials using a modified Mauser bolt design, the rifle chambered the very high velocity rimless .276 caliber cartridge.
The No.1 Mk VI rifle is the earliest direct predecessor of the No.4 Mk I rifle, produced between 1929-1933 at RSAF Enfield for troop trials. Serial numbers, with many gaps, overlap those of the No.4 Mk I trials rifle (A001-A1700), with many of both types of rifles being renumbered with an "A" suffix in 1941-'42 to designate their limited interchangeability of parts with the then-new No.4 Mk I production rifles. Many Mk VIs were lost with the Fall of France and the evacuation from Dunkirk in 1940. A currently unknown number (probably a few hundred) of unfinished Mk VI receivers were supplied to the ROF Fazakerly during 1941-'42 to be made into complete rifles to supplement No.4 Mk I production. The range of serial numbers for these hybrid variants is between 24000A-27000A. A complete original No.1 Mk VI trials rifle can instantly be recognized by a coarsely checkered walnut forend and a brass marking disk near the toe on the right side of the butt, whereas the later Fazakerly-produced rifles are stocked with early No.4 Mk I woodwork (usually beech) and lack a marking disk. Also, the left wall of the receiver of the Mk VI appears to be scooped-out in front of the charger bridge, thus making it much lower than those found on the subsequent No.4 trials and production rifles.
The No.4 Mk.I trials rifle more closely resembles the wartime No.4 Mk.I than the No.1 Mk.VI, but was better finished and stocked-up in walnut. It was made from 1930-1935 at the RSAF Enfield. In 1941, roughly 1,400 of their production were used as the basis for the initial No.4 Mk 1(T) sniping rifles (see comments below on No.4 Mk I (T) sniping rifles). In 1935, 50-60 trials rifles that were fitted with aluminum buttplates, and a modified rear sight were designated the "C" Pattern. This pattern of trials rifle possesses a small "c" on the left of its butt socket, just below its "No.4 Mk I" designation. Original rifles of this pattern are obviously exceedingly rare and should attain roughly the same price as a No.1 Mk VI. However, many of the "C" Pattern receivers were later (1941-2) used on standard production No.4 rifles, so without an aluminium buttplate, and Enfield-inspected woodwork and rear sights, these rifles should have only a 30-50% markup over the wartime produced No.4 Mk I rifles.
A short-lived WWI training rifle that utilized mock cartridges ("conveyors") to feed .22 RF cartridges from a .303 mag. into a .303 chamber to be subsequently fired through a lined .22 cal. barrel, chamber areas on top of the receiver marked "PARKER-HALE .303 CUM .22 SYSTEM", only 975 mfg. by W.W. Greener. This pattern was declared obsolete in 1920.
.30-06 cal., bolt action, 6 shot (5 shot mag.), 26 in. barrel, original finish was high polish blue, although wartime and post war refurbished rifles may be parkerized or black matte, adj. sights, military stock, derived from English P14 Enfield, production run continued at Winchester, Remington, and Eddystone after British .303 cal. pattern contracts concluded, over two million mfg. 1917-18, but original guns in 90%+ condition are rare, some used in British service have red-painted band around stock to differentiate them from .303 Patt. '14.
Most frequently encountered variation, many differences in the reworked matte blue and parkerized finishes, barrels marked "JA" are on rifles rebarreled during WWII using Johnson Automatics original barrels.
Commercial heavy barrel sniper rifle similar to British Army's L42A1 but blonde beech woodwork finished to higher standard than military arms, shortened forestock similar to the L42A1 sniping rifle but with hung (pivoting) trigger on rear of action body (rather than trigger guard), butt is sporterized with cheek rest, pistol grip, and recoil pad, Parker-Hale scope bases and rings to mount German Pecar 4-10x variable power scope, fitted for tunnel foresight and Parker-Hale PH5E micrometer adj. rear sight, produced at Enfield Royal Small Arms Factory (R.S.A.F.).
Originally produced in 1968-'69 as a commercial rifle concurrent with XL39E1, L39A1, and Envoy rifles. Rarer than L39A1, similar degree as experimental/prototype XL39E1.
Transient variant for a brief troop trials period before the almost immediate introduction of the L39A1. It also served alongside of the L39A1 in subsequent service use.
the standard target rifle of the British Services from the late 1960s until 1990s.
polished blonde beech furniture, widened forend, "sporter" style butt, 10 shot Enfield 7.62mm mag., mounted with A.J. Parker "Matchmaker" tunnel foresight and 4/47 TZ micrometer rear sight, "PALMA MATCH BISLEY 1970" engraved on body above left bolt-way, "REGULATED BY FULTON" stamped on action body ring. Only approximately 70 made and, as such, should command a clear 50% premium over the standard Envoy.
Converted from primarily No.4 Mks 2, 1/2, and 1/3 rifles by re-barreling, headspacing, and reproving .303 rifles, fitted with new extractor with lengthened claw, charger guide, and 10-round Enfield 7.62 mag. with an integral ejector, original full-length No.4 woodwork maintained, "19T" (19 tons PSI) proof engraved on actions, barrels, bolts, and boltheads, barrels produced in UK, Belgium, and Canada (bayonet lugs omitted).